What Is the Definition of Oral Literature? | eminoirsa.cf

 

oral literature definition

Oral literature, the standard forms (or genres) of literature found in societies without writing. The term oral literature is also used to describe the tradition in written civilizations in which certain genres are transmitted by word of mouth or are confined to the so-called folk (i.e., those who. Oral tradition definition, a community's cultural and historical traditions passed down by word of mouth or example from one generation to another without written instruction. See more. Unlike written literary genres, oral literature is conveyed or passed down to future generations by word of mouth, typically through memorization and recitation. It is considered a verbal art form. Legends and myths are prime examples of oral literature, crossing the line between fact and fiction, yet strengthened by constant re-telling.


What Is Oral Literature? | eminoirsa.cf


Oral literaturethe oral literature definition forms or genres of literature found in societies without writing. The term oral literature is also used to describe oral literature definition tradition in written civilizations in which certain genres are transmitted by word of mouth or are confined to the so-called folk i.

Oral literature is, arguably, the best phrase available for describing these two oral literature definition. The term oral covers both, but these two meanings should be distinguished. While certain forms, such as the folktale, continue to exist, especially among the unlettered component of complex societies, what might also be called oral tradition or folk literature is inevitably influenced by the elite written culture.

Among scholars, the phrases standardized oral forms and oral genres have been suggested in place of oral literaturebut, since the word literature is so widely used, it has oral literature definition be reckoned with, even though it is essential to recall the major differences between the two registers, oral and written, as well as the way in which the latter influences the oral literature definition word.

In many cases oral literature definition two traditions existed side by side. Such a combination creates problems for the analysis of the various genres or oral literature, for there is a tendency today to read back the characteristics of literate literature such as the use of a narrative structure into purely oral genres. The term folklore generally refers to certain of the spoken or nonwritten activities of complex literate cultures where only a minority can read and write and where the rest are illiterate, a frequent situation of the peasantry in the post-Bronze Age cultures of Europe and Asia especially.

While these activities have some links with parallel ones in purely oral cultures, they are inevitably influenced by the always-dominant literary modes, oral literature definition, especially those related to the major written religions. Folklore is largely confined to the exposition of peripheral beliefs. But even the forms taken by genres such as the epic can influence folklore.

It is clear that, in societies with writing, a great deal of communication—including communication that takes literary forms—is still done by word of mouth.

Not only is this an aspect of all human intercourse, but it was inevitably the case until near-universal literacy was achieved in Europe during the last quarter of the 19th century. Until that time, literature had to be oral for the large part of the population. That did not mean oral literature was uninfluenced by the written word.

Indeed, some of the oral communication consisted in the repetition of written texts, as when lessons from the Bible were preached to an unlettered populace.

A written epic, as was the case with the Hindu Vedas or the works of Homermight be learned by heart and recited to oral literature definition population at large, oral literature definition, by priests in the former case and by the rhapsodes in the latter.

Of course a society with writing might inherit some genres, such as folktales, largely unchanged from an earlier, purely oral culture whereas other genres, oral literature definition, such as the epic, would undergo a sea change. Part of the influence of the written word on speech consisted in the development not of oratory but of its formal counterpart, rhetoricwith its explicit body of rules.

Specialists in the spoken word might achieve fame and be rewarded for their appearance in presenting a case at court. More directly in the field of the arts, specialist reciters, especially of praise songs but also of epics and other lengthy recitations, might be recompensed for their contributions, either as freelance performers or as professionals, oral literature definition.

Many early written forms, such as the Breton laysdraw their subject matter from spoken genres, though inevitably transformations take place in the face of the new media. There has also been a good deal of exchange between coexistent folk and written elite literature, oral literature definition. Oral literature. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents.

Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Introduction The relation of speech to writing The example of oral literature definition epic Differences between oral and written literatures Oral genres Folktales Song Folk drama Myth Legends and historical recitations Performance, content, and distribution. Written By: Jack Goody.

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oral literature definition

 

Unlike written literary genres, oral literature is conveyed or passed down to future generations by word of mouth, typically through memorization and recitation. It is considered a verbal art form. Legends and myths are prime examples of oral literature, crossing the line between fact and fiction, yet strengthened by constant re-telling. Oral literature, the standard forms (or genres) of literature found in societies without writing. The term oral literature is also used to describe the tradition in written civilizations in which certain genres are transmitted by word of mouth or are confined to the so-called folk (i.e., those who. Oral literature or folk literature corresponds in the sphere of the spoken (oral) word to literature as literature operates in the domain of the written word. There is no standard definition as folklorists have varying descriptions for oral literature or folk literature but a broad conceptualization refers to it as literature characterized by oral transmission and the absence of any fixed form.